Swimming Pool Chlorine Ppm

swimming pool chlorine ppm
 <br />Chlorine has a huge variety of uses; as a disinfectant and purifier, in plastics and polymers, bleach, solvents, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals, as well as an intermediate in manufacturing other substances where it is not contained in the final product.<br /><br />Chlorine is used worldwide to purify water supply as the ultimate defense against waterborne microbiological infection. Modern day cholera epidemics in Peru, China, India or Africa exemplify the devastating consequences of poor sanitation.<br /><br />Chlorine also plays a critical role in the productions of thousands of commercial products. Products reliant on chlorine’s unique properties include every household item such as bleach and disinfectant to bullet-resistant vests, computer hardware, silicon chips and automotive parts.<br /><br />Chlorine itself is a gas at room temperature. Ordinary table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) is half chlorine, and a simple electrochemical reaction with salt water produces chlorine gas easily. That same reaction produces sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and by mixing chlorine gas with sodium hydroxide you create sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). When you buy a gallon of bleach at the grocery store, what you are buying is the chemical sodium hypochlorite mixed with water in a 5.25-percent solution. You're buying salt water that has been changed slightly by electricity.<br /><br />Chlorine is chlorine, so the chlorine in bleach is the same as the chlorine in drinking water and in a swimming pool. In fact, you can use chlorine bleach to treat a swimming pool or to treat drinking water. A gallon of bleach provides 1 part per million (PPM) of chlorine to 60,000 gallons (about 250,000 liters) of water. Typically, a pool is treated at a rate of 3 PPM, and drinking water is treated at anywhere from 0.2 PPM to 3 PPM depending on the level of contamination and the contact time.<br /><br />Chlorine is used in pools and drinking water because it is a great disinfectant. It is able to kill bacteria and algae, among other things. Chlorine also makes a great stain remover, but not because of the chlorine itself. Natural stains (as well as dyes) produced by everything from mildew to grass come from chemical compounds called chromophores. Chromophores can absorb light at specific wavelengths and therefore cause colors. When chlorine reacts with water, it produces hydrochloric acid and atomic oxygen. The oxygen 
New post (Chemical vs. Natural Swimming Pools) has been published on http://gd.is/fW3qTn<br />Natural swimming pools or living spas are much more common throughout Europe, but are increasingly becoming more popular in the United States. Now that the spring weather is beginning to surface, it’s time for Eco Brooklyn to open up our Living Pool for the swimming season. So how does this compare to tradition swimming pool maintenance? Like our design philosophy, Eco Brooklyn’s swimming hole should blend low energy costs with little to no waste or hazardous chemicals.<br />Here is a simple diagram from Inspiration Green that depicts exactly how natural swimming pools function.<br />Natural Filtration<br /><br />The first step in opening our natural spa is to turn on the tiny 100 watt water pump that feeds the soiled plants, bacteria, and critters that filter the pool’s water.<br />Next we turn on a very small aeration pump which enriches the water with oxygen, to encourage more plant growth and aerobic bacteria function.<br />Lastly Eco Brooklyn interns get to spend the morning scooping up algae that has accumulated over the winter. Adding some barley straw is also helpful in controlling algae by producing lignin, which is then converted to hydrogen peroxide in the presence of sunlight.<br /><br />So how does opening a chemically intensive pool compare?<br />Step one is controlling the pH by keeping it at 7.0 or slightly below. If the pH is above 7.5 the chlorine is only about 10% effective. In most cases this involves the addition muriatic acid.<br />Step two is to check the alkalinity, which should be between 80-140 ppm. Alkalinity is a measure of the water’s resistance to a change in pH. An improper balance of pH and alkalinity can reduce the effect of sanitation, cause cloudiness, and/ or deteriorate the concrete or siding.<br />Step three involves determining your Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and Calcium Hardness. Both of these measurements will affect how corrosive the water is and often requires draining the pool.<br />Step four is backwashing the filter for cleaning when the gauge moves from 8-10 psi away from clean.<br />Step five comprises of cleaning the skimmer basket and scrubbing the walls of the pool weekly to prevent plaque build-up.<br />Lastly, running the filter and vacuum skimmer, often for a couple hours a day, for proper water sanitation is essential.<br />Considering the immense construction costs, the harsh chemicals additives, high energy pumps, and the endless hours of labor to produce and maintain a traditional swimming pool, it’s no wonder the Natural Pool phenomenon is catching on in America. The aquatic ecosystems are almost completely self-sustaining, and after the initial cost of construction you are basically done with the expenditure.
Chlorinators and Accessories -Latsha Technologies<br />Chlorine has a huge variety of uses; as a disinfectant and purifier, in plastics and polymers, bleach, solvents, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals, as well as an intermediate in manufacturing other substances where it is not contained in the final product.<br /><br />Chlorine is used worldwide to purify water supply as the ultimate defence against water borne microbiological infection. Modern day cholera epidemics in Peru, China, India or Africa exemplify the devastating consequences of poor sanitation.<br /><br />Chlorine also plays a critical role in the productions of thousands of commercial products. Products reliant on chlorine’s unique properties include every household item such as bleach and disinfectant to bullet-resistant vests, computer hardware, silicon chips and automotive parts.<br /><br />Chlorine itself is a gas at room temperature. Ordinary table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) is half chlorine, and a simple electrochemical reaction with salt water produces chlorine gas easily. That same reaction produces sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and by mixing chlorine gas with sodium hydroxide you create sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). When you buy a gallon of bleach at the grocery store, what you are buying is the chemical sodium hypochlorite mixed with water in a 5.25-percent solution. You're buying salt water that has been changed slightly by electricity.<br /><br />Chlorine is chlorine, so the chlorine in bleach is the same as the chlorine in drinking water and in a swimming pool. In fact, you can use chlorine bleach to treat a swimming pool or to treat drinking water. A gallon of bleach provides 1 part per million (PPM) of chlorine to 60,000 gallons (about 250,000 liters) of water. Typically, a pool is treated at a rate of 3 PPM, and drinking water is treated at anywhere from 0.2 PPM to 3 PPM depending on the level of contamination and the contact time.<br /><br />Chlorine is used in pools and drinking water because it is a great disinfectant. It is able to kill bacteria and algae, among other things. Chlorine also makes a great stain remover, but not because of the chlorine itself. Natural stains (as well as dyes) produced by everything from mildew to grass come from chemical compounds called chromophores. Chromophores can absorb light at specific wavelengths and therefore cause colors. When chlorine reacts with water, it produces hydrochloric acid and atomic oxygen. The oxygen reacts easily with the chromophores to eliminate the portion of its structure that causes the color.<br /><br />There has been a lot of discussion about the safety of chlorine in drinking water. It's not clear how safe or unsafe chlorine is, especially in PPM concentrations. But two things are clear:<br />It's a whole lot safer to drink chlorinated water than water contaminated with disease-causing bacteria. Millions of people have died from water-borne diseases, and these diseases are largely eliminated in modern water systems through the use of chlorine.<br />•If you are worried about the chlorine in your water, all you have to do is let the water stand for a day or two in a loosely covered container in your refrigerator and the chlorine is eliminated.
Pool
3 Tips For Swimming Pool Care<br /><br />1. Water Sanitation - Free Chlorine levels should be between 2.0-5.0 parts per million (ppm) to kill bacteria, algae and pathogens.<br /><br />2. Water Balance - pH should be between 7.2 and 7.6 Alkalinity at 80-120 ppm, calcium hardness at 200ppm - 400ppm. Water in balanced is more comfortable to swim in, keeps pool equipment running longer, and prevents staining on pool surfaces.<br /><br />3. Water Circulation - Swimming pool water should circulate 6-8 hours EVERY day. Pool pumps should run long enough to completely turn the pool water volume at least once a day. Timers should be inspected twice a year for accuracy. Think about replacing worn out pumps with new energy saving multi-speed pumps. Remember:
Pool and spectator seating


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David Cameron: creating three-parent babies is not 'Playing God' - Telegraph.co.uk



Telegraph.co.uk

David Cameron: creating three-parent babies is not 'Playing God'
Telegraph.co.uk
Tap water has 400 ppm dissolved solids, rain water typically has under 100 ppm. 3. Electromagnetic pollution. People ... Bromine is used in bread and other foods stuffs and Chlorine is used in tap water and swimming pools. All three lower Iodine levels ...

and more »






Chlorine burn begins in St. John Parish after brain-eating amoeba detected in ... - WDSU New Orleans



New York Daily News

Chlorine burn begins in St. John Parish after brain-eating amoeba detected in ...
WDSU New Orleans
Hot tubs/spas: free chlorine 2-4 parts per million (ppm) or free bromine 4-6 ppm and pH 7.2-7.8. * If you need to top off the water in your swimming pool with tap water, place the hose directly into the skimmer box and ensure that the filter is running ...
Chlorine burn ordered for St. John to treat brain-eating amoeba in water supplyWWL
Brain-eating amoeba found in La. parish's water systemUSA TODAY
Amoeba detected in St. John; residents cautioned about water use - WLOX.com ...WLOX

all 155 news articles »






Brainerd questions water chlorination after contamination - eMaxHealth



Brainerd questions water chlorination after contamination
eMaxHealth
The town of Brainerd in Minnesota is questioning the idea of adding chlorine to its water supply on a permanent basis after recent contamination. Although the city currently uses chlorine sparingly, it is considering the option of following the trend ...







FTI Renews Distribution Agreemnt With GlobalEx to Sell Chlorine Dioxide Tablets - Marketwired (press release)



FTI Renews Distribution Agreemnt With GlobalEx to Sell Chlorine Dioxide Tablets
Marketwired (press release)
The tablets, sold under the names Oxytab, Steritab, Cleantab, Airtab and Pooltab are used to purify water for drinking, industrial applications such as the oil and gas industry and swimming pools. Chlorine dioxide disinfects without the side effects of ...

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Former Richmond Heights pool employees: Rec director ignores safety concerns ... - The Plain Dealer



Former Richmond Heights pool employees: Rec director ignores safety concerns ...
The Plain Dealer
Kumin also said there is no water safety instructor present during lessons, as required by the American Red Cross' Learn-to-Swim program. There were days when the chlorine levels were at .75 ppm or lower, and Spencer told pool employees to keep the ...

and more »






State Police investigating water quality records in St. John the Baptist Parish - WDSU New Orleans



WDSU New Orleans

State Police investigating water quality records in St. John the Baptist Parish
WDSU New Orleans
Hot tubs/spas: free chlorine 2-4 parts per million (ppm) or free bromine 4-6 ppm and pH 7.2-7.8. * If you need to top off the water in your swimming pool with tap water, place the hose directly into the skimmer box and ensure that the filter is running ...

and more »






Brain-eating amoeba found in Sabine Parish - KTBS



KTAL

Brain-eating amoeba found in Sabine Parish
KTBS
Pools: free chlorine at 1-3 parts per million (ppm) and pH 7.2-7.8, and Hot tubs/spas: free chlorine 2-4 parts per million (ppm) or free bromine 4-6 ppm and pH 7.2-7.8. If you need to top off the water in your swimming pool with tap water, place the ...
DHH confirms 'brain eating amoeba' in Sabine Parish water systemKSLA-TV

all 8 news articles »






City receives violation for water contaminant - Midland Reporter-Telegram



City receives violation for water contaminant
Midland Reporter-Telegram
The city of Midland's water system was once again flagged for elevated levels of contaminants known to cause cancer, leading the city to adjust its chlorine disinfecting process. For the first three quarters of 2014, ... Municipalities, water suppliers ...







Steps taken to raise chlorine levels after amoeba found in water line - FOX 8 News WVUE-TV



Steps taken to raise chlorine levels after amoeba found in water line
FOX 8 News WVUE-TV
"We first need to ensure that our chlorine levels are back to the appropriate pH as per DHH standards. Administration must hold accountability in finding what went wrong in our testing process that allowed our chlorine levels to become so low to this ...

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Chlorine has a huge variety...

 <br />Chlorine has a huge variety of uses; as a disinfectant and purifier, in plastics and polymers, bleach, solvents, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals, as well as an intermediate in manufacturing other substances where it is not contained in the final product.<br /><br />Chlorine is used worldwide to purify water supply as the ultimate defense against waterborne microbiological infection. Modern day cholera epidemics in Peru, China, India or Africa exemplify the devastating consequences of poor sanitation.<br /><br />Chlorine also plays a critical role in the productions of thousands of commercial products. Products reliant on chlorine’s unique properties include every household item such as bleach and disinfectant to bullet-resistant vests, computer hardware, silicon chips and automotive parts.<br /><br />Chlorine itself is a gas at room temperature. Ordinary table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) is half chlorine, and a simple electrochemical reaction with salt water produces chlorine gas easily. That same reaction produces sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and by mixing chlorine gas with sodium hydroxide you create sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). When you buy a gallon of bleach at the grocery store, what you are buying is the chemical sodium hypochlorite mixed with water in a 5.25-percent solution. You're buying salt water that has been changed slightly by electricity.<br /><br />Chlorine is chlorine, so the chlorine in bleach is the same as the chlorine in drinking water and in a swimming pool. In fact, you can use chlorine bleach to treat a swimming pool or to treat drinking water. A gallon of bleach provides 1 part per million (PPM) of chlorine to 60,000 gallons (about 250,000 liters) of water. Typically, a pool is treated at a rate of 3 PPM, and drinking water is treated at anywhere from 0.2 PPM to 3 PPM depending on the level of contamination and the contact time.<br /><br />Chlorine is used in pools and drinking water because it is a great disinfectant. It is able to kill bacteria and algae, among other things. Chlorine also makes a great stain remover, but not because of the chlorine itself. Natural stains (as well as dyes) produced by everything from mildew to grass come from chemical compounds called chromophores. Chromophores can absorb light at specific wavelengths and therefore cause colors. When chlorine reacts with water, it produces hydrochloric acid and atomic oxygen. The oxygen 

 
Chlorine has a huge variety of uses; as a disinfectant and purifier, in plastics and polymers, bl...

 
Read More

New post (Chemical vs. Natural...

New post (Chemical vs. Natural Swimming Pools) has been published on http://gd.is/fW3qTn<br />Natural swimming pools or living spas are much more common throughout Europe, but are increasingly becoming more popular in the United States. Now that the spring weather is beginning to surface, it’s time for Eco Brooklyn to open up our Living Pool for the swimming season. So how does this compare to tradition swimming pool maintenance? Like our design philosophy, Eco Brooklyn’s swimming hole should blend low energy costs with little to no waste or hazardous chemicals.<br />Here is a simple diagram from Inspiration Green that depicts exactly how natural swimming pools function.<br />Natural Filtration<br /><br />The first step in opening our natural spa is to turn on the tiny 100 watt water pump that feeds the soiled plants, bacteria, and critters that filter the pool’s water.<br />Next we turn on a very small aeration pump which enriches the water with oxygen, to encourage more plant growth and aerobic bacteria function.<br />Lastly Eco Brooklyn interns get to spend the morning scooping up algae that has accumulated over the winter. Adding some barley straw is also helpful in controlling algae by producing lignin, which is then converted to hydrogen peroxide in the presence of sunlight.<br /><br />So how does opening a chemically intensive pool compare?<br />Step one is controlling the pH by keeping it at 7.0 or slightly below. If the pH is above 7.5 the chlorine is only about 10% effective. In most cases this involves the addition muriatic acid.<br />Step two is to check the alkalinity, which should be between 80-140 ppm. Alkalinity is a measure of the water’s resistance to a change in pH. An improper balance of pH and alkalinity can reduce the effect of sanitation, cause cloudiness, and/ or deteriorate the concrete or siding.<br />Step three involves determining your Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and Calcium Hardness. Both of these measurements will affect how corrosive the water is and often requires draining the pool.<br />Step four is backwashing the filter for cleaning when the gauge moves from 8-10 psi away from clean.<br />Step five comprises of cleaning the skimmer basket and scrubbing the walls of the pool weekly to prevent plaque build-up.<br />Lastly, running the filter and vacuum skimmer, often for a couple hours a day, for proper water sanitation is essential.<br />Considering the immense construction costs, the harsh chemicals additives, high energy pumps, and the endless hours of labor to produce and maintain a traditional swimming pool, it’s no wonder the Natural Pool phenomenon is catching on in America. The aquatic ecosystems are almost completely self-sustaining, and after the initial cost of construction you are basically done with the expenditure.

New post (Chemical vs. Natural Swimming Pools) has been published on http://gd.is/fW3qTn
Natural swi...

 
Read More

Chlorinators and Accessories -...

Chlorinators and Accessories -Latsha Technologies<br />Chlorine has a huge variety of uses; as a disinfectant and purifier, in plastics and polymers, bleach, solvents, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals, as well as an intermediate in manufacturing other substances where it is not contained in the final product.<br /><br />Chlorine is used worldwide to purify water supply as the ultimate defence against water borne microbiological infection. Modern day cholera epidemics in Peru, China, India or Africa exemplify the devastating consequences of poor sanitation.<br /><br />Chlorine also plays a critical role in the productions of thousands of commercial products. Products reliant on chlorine’s unique properties include every household item such as bleach and disinfectant to bullet-resistant vests, computer hardware, silicon chips and automotive parts.<br /><br />Chlorine itself is a gas at room temperature. Ordinary table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) is half chlorine, and a simple electrochemical reaction with salt water produces chlorine gas easily. That same reaction produces sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and by mixing chlorine gas with sodium hydroxide you create sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). When you buy a gallon of bleach at the grocery store, what you are buying is the chemical sodium hypochlorite mixed with water in a 5.25-percent solution. You're buying salt water that has been changed slightly by electricity.<br /><br />Chlorine is chlorine, so the chlorine in bleach is the same as the chlorine in drinking water and in a swimming pool. In fact, you can use chlorine bleach to treat a swimming pool or to treat drinking water. A gallon of bleach provides 1 part per million (PPM) of chlorine to 60,000 gallons (about 250,000 liters) of water. Typically, a pool is treated at a rate of 3 PPM, and drinking water is treated at anywhere from 0.2 PPM to 3 PPM depending on the level of contamination and the contact time.<br /><br />Chlorine is used in pools and drinking water because it is a great disinfectant. It is able to kill bacteria and algae, among other things. Chlorine also makes a great stain remover, but not because of the chlorine itself. Natural stains (as well as dyes) produced by everything from mildew to grass come from chemical compounds called chromophores. Chromophores can absorb light at specific wavelengths and therefore cause colors. When chlorine reacts with water, it produces hydrochloric acid and atomic oxygen. The oxygen reacts easily with the chromophores to eliminate the portion of its structure that causes the color.<br /><br />There has been a lot of discussion about the safety of chlorine in drinking water. It's not clear how safe or unsafe chlorine is, especially in PPM concentrations. But two things are clear:<br />It's a whole lot safer to drink chlorinated water than water contaminated with disease-causing bacteria. Millions of people have died from water-borne diseases, and these diseases are largely eliminated in modern water systems through the use of chlorine.<br />•If you are worried about the chlorine in your water, all you have to do is let the water stand for a day or two in a loosely covered container in your refrigerator and the chlorine is eliminated.

Chlorinators and Accessories -Latsha Technologies
Chlorine has a huge variety of uses; as a disinfec...

 
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Pool

Pool

Pool

 
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3 Tips For Swimming Pool Care
...

3 Tips For Swimming Pool Care<br /><br />1. Water Sanitation - Free Chlorine levels should be between 2.0-5.0 parts per million (ppm) to kill bacteria, algae and pathogens.<br /><br />2. Water Balance - pH should be between 7.2 and 7.6 Alkalinity at 80-120 ppm, calcium hardness at 200ppm - 400ppm. Water in balanced is more comfortable to swim in, keeps pool equipment running longer, and prevents staining on pool surfaces.<br /><br />3. Water Circulation - Swimming pool water should circulate 6-8 hours EVERY day. Pool pumps should run long enough to completely turn the pool water volume at least once a day. Timers should be inspected twice a year for accuracy. Think about replacing worn out pumps with new energy saving multi-speed pumps. Remember:

3 Tips For Swimming Pool Care

1. Water Sanitation - Free Chlorine levels should be between 2.0-5.0 ...

 
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Pool and spectator seating

Pool and spectator seating

Pool and spectator seating

 
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