Automatic Swimming Pool Chemical Feeders

Automatic Swimming Pool Chemical Feeders

CIR constructed a composite picture of the trail’s environmental toll by piecing together hazardous waste shipping documents, company records, environmental violations and scientific studies. It’s a first-of-its kind accounting of the hidden impacts of a widely lauded cleanup effort, and it highlights the challenges facing the nation’s Superfund program.

Among the findings:

~ Waste begets waste. At every step along the trail, treatment leaves behind a new batch of waste that needs to be shipped somewhere else. At one stop, a plant in Wisconsin creates more waste than it takes in.

~ Treatment creates new hazards. *The superheating used to release toxic chemicals gives way to an equally alarming danger that isn’t monitored: dioxins. After they escape the plants, dioxins can build up in the food supply and have been linked to cancer and birth defects.

Dioxins form during the superheating process and can escape the plant through vents and openings. They eventually trickle down into water, soils and plants. People are exposed as the chemicals build up in the food supply. Animals such as cows, chicken and fish eat contaminated grass or feed, and then people eat those animals.

~ The system is highly inefficient. For every 5 pounds of contaminants pulled from the ground, roughly 20,000 pounds of carbon dioxide are produced from continually running pumps, cross-country treks and treatment plants that produce as much greenhouse gas as municipal power plants.

~ Cleanup at the Silicon Valley site, and others like it, isn’t working. Over the past decade, pollution levels there have remained stagnant despite constant pumping. In some cases, the treatment is actually increasing the pollution in the water.

~ The costs of treating the waste are enormous. To continue cleanup at sites like this, the EPA estimates taxpayers will spend up to $1.2 billion for every 10 years of ongoing treatment. That doesn’t include the untallied billions more spent by private companies tasked with cleaning up their past messes.

~ The Silicon Valley site is not an anomaly. There are more than 450 other Superfund sites like it. They have contaminated groundwater, and the cleanup is complicated by different types of soils that contain hard-to-clean chemicals. Experts have lost faith in the technology used to clean them up.

~ That means that as many as one-third of all Superfund sites could be causing more environmental harm than good.

The Superfund next door
You think this doesn't impact you, so you just don't care? Think again!  There are more than 1,300 Superfund sites across the United States. How close is one to where you live? You can check by using the next interactive map in the link.

Genesis of toxic groundwater
The evolution of the tech industry can be traced through the Mountain View site’s inhabitants.

First, Intel Corp. and Fairchild Semiconductor Corp. made computer chips in the 1960s and ’70s, giving Silicon Valley its name. Then AOL Inc. and Netscape moved in and helped shape the Internet during the 1990s and early 2000s. Now, Symantec calls it home. Google has a satellite campus here, just a few miles south of its headquarters down Silicon Valley’s main artery, Highway 101.

Back when Intel and Fairchild were making the first mass-produced computer chips, they used solvents such as trichloroethylene, or TCE, and benzene to degrease the chips. The cancer-causing chemicals leaked into the ground and polluted the soil and water below. The companies now are responsible for cleaning it up.

Today, a swimming pool is being constructed alongside shiny new buildings and massive outdoor sculptures. Tree-canopied walkways lead from one high-tech campus to the next, and the only indication as to what lies below is the steady whir of pumps strategically placed around the site to suck the polluted groundwater out of the earth. This is known as “pump and treat,” a pillar of Superfund cleanup efforts: highly inefficient, highly ineffective from a holistic perspective, and highly polluting - throughout dozens of locations within the U.S. and abroad.

There's more interesting revelations to read such as the actual route description that waste embarks on, which facilities treating the waste are environmental violators (discharging toxic waste in local waterways placing families at risk), and the ridiculous waste merry-go-round:
http://cironline.org/reports/cleanup-silicon-valley-superfund-site-takes-environmental-toll-6149?utm_source=Marketo&utm_medium=Email&utm_campaign=Mar%2020%2C%202014%20Weekly&mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRonuKvJZKXonjHpfsX56eUtWKWg38431UFwdcjKPmjr1YIFS8V0aPyQAgobGp5I5FEAQ7fYUaNst6IEUg%3D%3D">Cleanup of Silicon Valley Superfund site takes environmental toll<br /><br />Below some of the world’s most expensive real estate, in the heart of Silicon Valley, pipes and pumps suck thousands of gallons of contaminated water every hour from vast underground toxic pools.<br /><br />Giant industrial filters trap droplets of dangerous chemicals at the surface, all in the hope of making the water drinkable again and protecting the workers of tech giants such as Google Inc. and Symantec Corp. from toxic vapors.<br /><br />But that costly journey to the surface is only the start of a toxic trail with no clear end.<br /><br />Once it leaves Mountain View, Calif., the toxic waste gets shipped, treated and burned in places like Oklahoma and Arizona, discharging waste in small towns and on a Native American reservation, and in some cases creating even more harmful chemicals, The Center for Investigative Reporting has found.<br /><br />Along the way, waste treatment plants rack up environmental violations, records show. Byproducts created during treatment are shuttled from one plant to another. And then another. After crisscrossing the country, the waste even can end up right back where it started – at a treatment plant just a few miles away in Silicon Valley.<br /><br />It’s a shell game in which one environmental danger appears to be addressed, yet is moved somewhere else in the form of a new problem.<br /><br />Winding trail of carbon footprints<br />Each step along the trail comes with its own carbon footprint.<br /><br />First there is the energy required to pull the waste out of the ground. For all the pump-and-treat cleanup systems nationally, the EPA estimates that more than 356,000 tons of carbon dioxide are produced each year. That’s about the same amount emitted by 16,000 U.S. homes annually.<br /><br />Then there’s the shipping footprint of all that waste once it’s removed.<br /><br />For every shipment of waste sent from Mountain View to Kentucky, for example, more than 3 tons of carbon dioxide are generated, according to Art Hirsch, president of TerraLogic, an engineering consulting service.<br /><br />It’s unknown how many shipments leave Superfund sites. Company records provide a glimpse of one small part of the Silicon Valley site.<br /><br />In 2010, at least 12 cross-country shipments of waste were sent from one area at the Silicon Valley site, resulting in roughly 40 tons of carbon dioxide emissions.<br /><br />It doesn’t end there. Greenhouse gas emissions also are created once the waste gets to the treatment plant.<br /><br />“There’s really no such thing as throwing something away,” said Environmental Protection Agency spokesman Rusty Harris-Bishop. “You’re always throwing it somewhere.”*<br /><br />The toxic trail<br />Toxic waste is shipped, treated and burned all across the United States:<br /><br />1. Carbon filters packed with dangerous chemicals are loaded onto trucks and driven from Mountain View to treatment facilities<br /><br />2. Extreme heat and treatment (using fossil fuel energy) separate the toxic waste from the filters. This generates more waste, which is shipped elsewhere.<br /><br />3. This cycle continues in a toxic merry-go-round. See the interactive map which shows many different sites where waste is sent for treatment two steps after the Mountain View site.<br /><br />The EPA pays close attention to the more than 1,300 toxic sites that constitute its landmark Superfund program. But the toxic trail highlights a key gap: After the waste-hauling trucks rumble out of town, the EPA considers the job to be finished.<br /><br />As a result, the country’s environmental regulators are creating their own legacy of unintended consequences as they grapple with the mess left behind by a previous generation. Along the trail, contained toxic waste is turned into an array of uncontrolled and potentially worse problems that fan out across the U.S.<br /><br />Often the original mess is almost untreatable. In Silicon Valley’s case, it would take 700 years of continuous treatment to make the groundwater drinkable.<br /><br />The EPA recognizes that the trail exists but says it’s too difficult to follow. “It’s not that we don’t care about the material,” said Carlos Pachon, who leads the EPA’s green cleanup efforts. “We just don’t have control over it.
CIR constructed a composite picture of the trail’s environmental toll by piecing together hazardous waste shipping documents, company records, environmental violations and scientific studies. It’s a first-of-its kind accounting of the hidden impacts of a widely lauded cleanup effort, and it highlights the challenges facing the nation’s Superfund program.

Among the findings:

~ Waste begets waste. At every step along the trail, treatment leaves behind a new batch of waste that needs to be shipped somewhere else. At one stop, a plant in Wisconsin creates more waste than it takes in.

~ Treatment creates new hazards. *The superheating used to release toxic chemicals gives way to an equally alarming danger that isn’t monitored: dioxins. After they escape the plants, dioxins can build up in the food supply and have been linked to cancer and birth defects.

Dioxins form during the superheating process and can escape the plant through vents and openings. They eventually trickle down into water, soils and plants. People are exposed as the chemicals build up in the food supply. Animals such as cows, chicken and fish eat contaminated grass or feed, and then people eat those animals.

~ The system is highly inefficient. For every 5 pounds of contaminants pulled from the ground, roughly 20,000 pounds of carbon dioxide are produced from continually running pumps, cross-country treks and treatment plants that produce as much greenhouse gas as municipal power plants.

~ Cleanup at the Silicon Valley site, and others like it, isn’t working. Over the past decade, pollution levels there have remained stagnant despite constant pumping. In some cases, the treatment is actually increasing the pollution in the water.

~ The costs of treating the waste are enormous. To continue cleanup at sites like this, the EPA estimates taxpayers will spend up to $1.2 billion for every 10 years of ongoing treatment. That doesn’t include the untallied billions more spent by private companies tasked with cleaning up their past messes.

~ The Silicon Valley site is not an anomaly. There are more than 450 other Superfund sites like it. They have contaminated groundwater, and the cleanup is complicated by different types of soils that contain hard-to-clean chemicals. Experts have lost faith in the technology used to clean them up.

~ That means that as many as one-third of all Superfund sites could be causing more environmental harm than good.

The Superfund next door
You think this doesn't impact you, so you just don't care? Think again!  There are more than 1,300 Superfund sites across the United States. How close is one to where you live? You can check by using the next interactive map in the link.

Genesis of toxic groundwater
The evolution of the tech industry can be traced through the Mountain View site’s inhabitants.

First, Intel Corp. and Fairchild Semiconductor Corp. made computer chips in the 1960s and ’70s, giving Silicon Valley its name. Then AOL Inc. and Netscape moved in and helped shape the Internet during the 1990s and early 2000s. Now, Symantec calls it home. Google has a satellite campus here, just a few miles south of its headquarters down Silicon Valley’s main artery, Highway 101.

Back when Intel and Fairchild were making the first mass-produced computer chips, they used solvents such as trichloroethylene, or TCE, and benzene to degrease the chips. The cancer-causing chemicals leaked into the ground and polluted the soil and water below. The companies now are responsible for cleaning it up.

Today, a swimming pool is being constructed alongside shiny new buildings and massive outdoor sculptures. Tree-canopied walkways lead from one high-tech campus to the next, and the only indication as to what lies below is the steady whir of pumps strategically placed around the site to suck the polluted groundwater out of the earth. This is known as “pump and treat,” a pillar of Superfund cleanup efforts: highly inefficient, highly ineffective from a holistic perspective, and highly polluting - throughout dozens of locations within the U.S. and abroad.

There's more interesting revelations to read such as the actual route description that waste embarks on, which facilities treating the waste are environmental violators (discharging toxic waste in local waterways placing families at risk), and the ridiculous waste merry-go-round:
http://cironline.org/reports/cleanup-silicon-valley-superfund-site-takes-environmental-toll-6149?utm_source=Marketo&utm_medium=Email&utm_campaign=Mar%2020%2C%202014%20Weekly&mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRonuKvJZKXonjHpfsX56eUtWKWg38431UFwdcjKPmjr1YIFS8V0aPyQAgobGp5I5FEAQ7fYUaNst6IEUg%3D%3D" src="http://lh5.ggpht.com/-loXTvabiBsY/UytO8unjL9I/AAAAAAACDCk/TDnsCbySSY8/Superfund%252520Hypocrisy.jpg" width="100" height="100" />
reverse osmosis plant 34.JPG
 Maintaining the water chemistry of your swimming pool is possibly the most important aspect of pool care and can even save you money. Chlorine tablets are one of the key chemicals to maintaining your pool water. They are placed in feeders and inline chlorinators to dissolve slowly.


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4 Ways Swimming Became Healthier in 2014 - SwimSwam



SwimSwam

4 Ways Swimming Became Healthier in 2014
SwimSwam
In 2014, we saw a significant improvement in pool maintenance around the country. A large part of this advancement has been happening over many years, as pools are switching over to automated chemical feeders and improved filtration systems.







Rockville swim center poised for major overhaul - Montgomery County Sentinel



Montgomery County Sentinel

Rockville swim center poised for major overhaul
Montgomery County Sentinel
The top priorities, Emr said, are the fixes for the South Pool, followed by general immediate repairs: underwater lights, fixing the chemical controllers/feeders/flex tubing and upgrading the south pool's filter system, pumps and face piping. Emr said ...

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Nuclear power: Desperately seeking plutonium - Nature.com



Nature.com

Nuclear power: Desperately seeking plutonium
Nature.com
Irradiations manager Chris Bryan stands in an overlook area above what looks like an indoor swimming pool, showing off a miniaturized physical model of the reactor core assembly. It nestles in a cylinder of beryllium, 2.4 metres across ... Wham is the ...







Cascabel calling, during upcoming community fair - Arizona Daily Star



Arizona Daily Star

Cascabel calling, during upcoming community fair
Arizona Daily Star
Barbara Clark tosses some hay into a feeder for her goats during her morning chores. She has been living in Cascabel ... School buses from the Benson Unified School District and the Cochise County Library Bookmobile will only go as far as the paved ...







After fatal bear attack both hunters and animal activists say changes are needed - The Star-Ledger



The Star-Ledger

After fatal bear attack both hunters and animal activists say changes are needed
The Star-Ledger
Anthony P. Mauro, Chairman of the New Jersey Outdoor Alliance, said he'd also like New Jersey officials to consider an earlier bear hunting season. Not pegging the bear hunt with deer season could lead to better population management, he added. As ...

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Plight of alewives inspires book, community effort - The Ellsworth American



The Ellsworth American

Plight of alewives inspires book, community effort
The Ellsworth American
Anecdotally, Shetterly also described two eagles she recently spotted perched and eyeing her bird feeder, as if they might be fast enough to eat a squirrel or dove making use of it. “They're confused,” she said. “We need more alewives for them.” In ...







Third School Summit in Lynchburg focuses on crafting connections - Lynchburg News and Advance



Third School Summit in Lynchburg focuses on crafting connections
Lynchburg News and Advance
Horizon Behavioral Health — the community services board in the area — serves as a major provider of mental health services for area school divisions, with treatment for children both in school and in Horizon clinics. Whittemore described, among ...

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New wave of interest in saltwater swimming pools - Fairfield Citizen



New wave of interest in saltwater swimming pools
Fairfield Citizen
A decade ago, backyard residential in-ground swimming pools were almost exclusively of the erosion-feeder variety -- traditional chlorine pool requiring 3-inch chlorine tablets to be placed into the feeder to sanitize the water. Today, one pool ...

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CES 2015: The connected dog - Phys.Org



CES 2015: The connected dog
Phys.Org
-Petnet(io) is a smart feeder with a personalized approach to feeding your dog or cat. Using sensors and information you input, the $249 feeder assesses the dietary requirements of your pet and creates a custom feeding schedule. It automatically ...

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